I tried upgrading the firmware of my old iOmega 1 TB HDD. Internally it’s a Barracuda LP family, ST31000520AS model Segate HDD. Seagate had released a firmware upgrade for this drive in 2010. I’m around 9 years late to the party!
My laptop doesn’t have a CD-ROM drive, also I prefer burning the ISO to a USB stick — why waste a CD, eh? Rufus kindly refused as the supplied Seagate update ISO’s boot format was unrecognizable. In the process, I’d tried using another tool – RMPrepUsb – in vain. It’d done something, owing to some option I chose of course, to overwrite GRUB2 with Windows boot loader — some
BCDedit command I guess. My meddling with BIOS didn’t help either as GRUB wasn’t even listed in EFI order, so I reverted to orignial settings1:
|EFI order||GRUB, Windows Boot Manager, EFI PXE Network|
Thanks to Debian’s GrubEFIReinstall guide; it made me recall that the Boot Mode should be UEFI; it also gave the way to verify it. I’d to use a UEFI-bootable2 USB stick with Arch Linux ISO. Things were smooth thereon!
root@archiso / # [ -d /sys/firmware/efi ] && echo "EFI boot on HDD" || echo "Legacy boot on HDD" EFI boot on HDD root@archiso / # mount /dev/lvmg1/root /mnt root@archiso / # mount /dev/nvme0n1p5 /mnt/boot root@archiso / # mount /dev/lvmg1/home /mnt/home root@archiso / # mount /dev/sda5 /mnt/var root@archiso / # swapon /dev/sda6 root@archiso / # arch-chroot /mnt
> mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /boot/efi > grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot/efi --bootloader-id=GRUB
All is well now 😀
- Debian’s GrubEFIReinstall guide – like most Debian documents, thorough!
- GRUB2 & EFI Recovery Tutorial seems to be a detailed guide with multiple methods; I only glanced it.
- Firmware update Seagate HDD using Linux uses
hdparmto do it on Linux; something the OEM doesn’t support. I didn’t have to resort to it. I dunno if this would’ve worked if the HDD was connected via USB.
HDD Upgrade Story
Those still reading to know about the poor ’ol HDD’s fate, read on! It ends well :)
I created a plain Free DOS bootable USB with Rufus; extracted the IMA floppy image to root; this worked since the update ISO was also using Free DOS. The tool, booted with Free DOS, still couldn’t do the deed! It couldn’t detect the drive that was connected via USB; I realised that it expects BIOS to be set to ATA; neither AHCI nor RAID – the only options mine has.
Luckily my 2006 desktop (AMD Phenom X4 machine) had the SATA option (in addition to the other two)! I didn’t even have to resort to a force firmware write, the tool did it straight-forward. I didn’t connect it via USB though; I opened the iOmega case, connected the internal HDD directly to the motherboard’s SATA power and data connectors.
Before firmware upgrade
smartctl warned about an older firmware.
> smartctl -i /dev/sdb smartctl 7.0 2018-12-30 r4883 [x86_64-linux-4.20.3-arch1-1-ARCH] (local build) Copyright (C) 2002-18, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Model Family: Seagate Barracuda LP Device Model: ST31000520AS Serial Number: XXXXXXXX LU WWN Device Id: X XXXXXX XXXXXXXXX Firmware Version: CC32 User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB] Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical Rotation Rate: 5900 rpm Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show] ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4 SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s Local Time is: Mon Jan 21 09:08:22 2019 IST SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability. SMART support is: Enabled ==> WARNING: A firmware update for this drive may be available, see the following Seagate web pages: http://knowledge.seagate.com/articles/en_US/FAQ/207931en http://knowledge.seagate.com/articles/en_US/FAQ/213915en
After the upgrade, the warning vanished and Firmware Version reads